Illuminating the Connection Between the Creative, Culinary & Healing Arts

All The Wild

All The Wild

 

Greetings From the Pacific Northwest!

Welcome to the second, on-line publication of All The Wild! I couldn’t be more thrilled to share this new issue with you, timed with one of my new botanical prints. I hope you were able to pick up both!

As usual, I’ve always got my mind and heart open for new culinary themes, recipes, and self-care practices. I love incorporating artistic translations as an avenue to awakening all of our senses to the experience of nourishment and self-love. This issue took a bit longer for me to complete. I wanted to challenge myself to create more content than the previous issue. Worth the wait! 

My homework for this issue was researching recipes that would go beyond culinary. I discovered that some of the plants featured brought up so many uses making it difficult to choose which aspects to highlight. Ultimately, my editing tactics came down to sharing recipes accessible to a modern world with an interesting backdrop of folklore, cooking, medicine and historical significance, painting an image for you of ancient times as well.  

I’m always open to hearing from you if there is an ingredient or nutrition related topic you’d like to see me feature. Please feel free to reach out to me directly: goforthculture@gmail with any questions or constructive feedback on recipe formatting. I’d also like to give a special shoutout, and a huge thank you to Nitai Mitchell for assistant editing All The Wild. You can find her on Insta: @BreathandStars or BreathandStars.com for astrology readings by donation.

I want to stay true to my vision while also providing enticing content for you! 

Thanks for reading!

Kelsey Crawford, Artist, Certified Wholistic Nutritionist & Inspired Herbalist

 


Moss

January | Saturn | Capricorn

Welcome to moss, a soft and dreamy, yet textural water conserving wonderland & alternative to grass that goes beyond landscaping in use. You don’t have to mow it, rarely does it need water (as it derives most of its nutrients from the air, calling for only a fraction of the water traditional grass lawns need) it requires no herbicides as it grows so tightly in form that “weeds” can’t make it through, despite moss’ consideration as a weed itself. The more we learn about Mother Nature’s vast symbiotic dance, the more we begin to see a forest for its trees, the less we hyper-focus on mono-thematic perception, and begin initiate our process of critical thinking, imagination and coexistence.  

Big ideas for this subtle, spongy green plant beneath our feet. Moss can be used for environmentally friendly roofing, providing insulation and moisture run-off. Useful in-and-around gardening plots to lock in cool moisture on those hot and dry summer days, thereby conserving water use and protecting other plants at soil and root levels. With its decorative and adaptable nature. Some would say that moss in place of grass is a boutique & overly-priced luxury, far too passive a weed control, and therefore conclude it’s not worth it. However, moss is incredibly easy to harvest (with permission, please) and cultivation fairly straightforward. Moss has much more stamina than a grass lawn with hardly any maintenance comparably, and by popular opinion may feel better underneath bare feet!

In visual appreciation, moss may be at its best at the base of a tree, under its shady canopy. Moss loves embracing stone fruit branches. It can grown in the sun and has even been found in high altitude environments. It’s the perfect touch for stone statues & lanterns, delicately frames a deer path (although it will retreat from heavily foot-trafficked areas) and thrives as one of the most important, signature plants in Japanese zen gardens, arboretums and English landscape gardens alike. Where I live (in the Pacific Northwest) you’ll find vibrant, electric green moss cascading down the steep and rocky cliffs in the Columbia George alongside the rush of waterfalls freckling the area.  

Good To Know | Non-chemical methods of weed control are more important than ever before. Resistance to herbicides & pesticides have become an increasingly concerning problem for people, animals, plants and virtually every living thing on this planet. Dire consequences include (but are not isolated to) the killing off of natural plant and insect predator species that once coexisted in biodynamic environments, upsetting the balance. This has resulted in the chaos of super bugs and weeds that build up a tolerance to these very chemicals, quickly dominating the scene. 

The serious impacts of environmental and social costs which are known to be far reaching, and more devastating then what is likely reported.  Poisoning farm workers/landscapers in both fatal and non-fatal injury, the poisoning of honey bee colonies (devastating pollinator habitat and population, reducing pollination drastically), the loss of crops, tress, fish & wildlife, reduction of natural enemies, and livestock poisoning. The financial toll of our continued reliance on chemical herbicide & pesticides ballparks around $840 million dollars annually. Again, only a small fraction of what is thought to be a much higher amount. 

The truth of the matter is simple, we are not at war with Mother Nature. Corporate made chemicals and carless human activity have more than demonstrated the destructive path we’ve been heading down for some time now. There is a better way, and friends, now is the time to makes changes in our lives that nurture our precious planet for our own health at present and for future generations. Thankfully, these days it’s a continued conversation with problem solving ideas coming to light all the time, in conjunction with the inspired will of people around the world to act for the improved health and quality of life in their communities. Just look at what teenagers across the globe are accomplishing right now by drawing attention to the climate crisis, keeping the talking points focused on those who will be living with the reality of its daily impact.  

Not much that is more Earth than moss covered stone. Moss is associated with the planet Saturn and the astrological sign, Capricorn. The cardinal earth sign of the zodiac. As we’ve learned, moss teaches us a very valuable lesson; all we truly need is our planets natural symbiotic relationships to establish harmony whether it be in nature or our food and/or ornamental gardens. Moss is superior to mulches in that it is a living layer that processes nutrients and contributes organic material, it does not become compacted, and doesn’t need replacing annually, and it provides a healthy habitat for beneficial insects and promotes the evolutionary symbiosis of mycelium and plant roots.

Moss Gardens

Simple practices for cultivating moss in a variety of gardens. After much research and a small science garden experiment, it has been my experience that the hype surrounding beer and buttermilk/yogurt to cultivate moss is not the most effective. You could still try, however as excited as I was to try it, I’m sorry to say I found it to be very messy (even for a project where you’re playing in the dirt) and it definitely went moldy after a few days. On the other hand, the moss patches that I simply left alone and actually forgot about were the ones that flourished! So it’s true that a rolling stone gathers no moss. Just time and stillness and few of the tips below in this “recipe” should do the trick. 

Ingredients:

  • A good area that will allow for moss to develop – Competition can be debris such as leaf litter or twigs, loose and irregular surfaces.
  • Moisture to start – When mosses are beginning to colonize in an area, moisture is what allows the young mosses to perform photosynthesis, which in turn allows for growth.
  • Large rocks, stone sculptures, flat slate rock and or other yard/garden accessories or decorations
  • Patience and time. Moss is slow growing and worth the wait.

instructions:

  • Clear and smooth the surfaces moss will be brought into.
  • Plant companion plants first if doing so, then moss last. Companion plants include but are not limited to this small list of: ferns, hostas, wildflowers, pennywort, lungwort, liverwort, kidneywort, heuchera, poppy, strawberry and wild ginger etc…
  • Slightly agitate soil where moss will be placed with a rake or even combing through lightly with your fingers. 
  • To get moss started, water every day for the first two months. Month three you only need to water 1-2 times a week. By the fifth to sixth month after placing moss, water only when there has been no rain for over 3-4 weeks. Once moss is well established it should require very little watering. It may yellow somewhat at hotter times of the year, but it should transition back to its deep, jade green as the season shifts towards cooler weather and light to heavy rainfall insues. Moss is very resilient.

Star Anise

February | Uranus + The Moon | Aquarius

Warm, stimulating fragrance, energy, and flavor of anise has me imagining the perfect spice to rise and greet the morning sun. Here we have a plant that holds space in both ancient and modern cuisines. Anise was cultivated by the ancient Egyptians and also cultivated in Tuscany in Roman times. 

It’s important to differentiate between the varieties. Chinese star anise, badian and aniseed are primarily used in culinary and medicinal applications whereas Illicium anisatum also called shikimi in Japan is highly toxic and inedible, yet still considered a sacred plant to the Japanese. It is used both decoratively and purposefully outside holy temples, and said to have the power to protect sacred spaces from negativity by both its presence and by grinding its bark into incense, burn and ward off malevolent spirits while calling upon the gods.

Star anise is the seedpod of an evergreen tree native to southern China and North Vietnam. It takes up to six years for the trees to bear fruit and they will continue to fruit for around one hundred years. Star anise is pungent, warm, sweet, spicy and stronger in flavor than aniseed. Aniseed tonifies Yang (the warmth of the body) and Qi (energy), and counteracts Damp (often associated with symptoms of digestive weakness, tiredness and a foggy head), resolving phlegm or mucus and promoting Qi circulation throughout the body. Most culinary spices in traditional Chinese food energetics tend to be sweet, pungent or bitter in flavor and Yang in nature, stoking our digestive fire and warming us up. Star anise is used medicinally as a stimulant or a diuretic, it aids in digestion and can be chewed to freshen breath.

Anise (star) is associated with the Moon, the planet Uranus and the astrological sign of Aquarius. Other affiliations include The Chariot card in the Major Arcana tarot, and the Greek God of Sun and light, Apollo. 

Interestingly, folklore shares that It should be stored with amber and that drinking anise tea before bed will induce a most restful sleep, although I might add that as an herbalist/nutritionist, I would make the case it better as a morning tea with its warming energetics. It would help to rev up the fire within us as we get started for the day. 

It is also said that anise helps to preserve youthful beauty, but in what application it should be used for these purposes, I have yet to discover. My favorite use of star anise is in the culinary arts (as you may have guessed). It’s delicious when served with fresh oranges. 

Morning Sun Star Tea 

A warming tea blend to initiate your dawn and stimulate the appetite. This beverage should be warm to hot, but at the very least never cooler than room temperature. It is not meant to be strongly steeped, only lightly infused. 

Ingredients:

  • 1 part fresh ginger
  • 1 part star anise seed pod
  • 1part fennel
  • 1 part milky oats
  • 1 teaspoon of honey (optional)

instructions:

  • Add herbs into a french press or herb infusing basket then add boiling water.
  • Steep for about 5 minutes and then strain into individual cups.
  • Practice some deep breathing as you sip your tea. Delicious when served with fresh oranges. 

Prep time: 5-10 minutes + Serves: 2-4 people


Alder

March | Neptune | Pisces 

Have you ever wondered what you could eat if you suddenly found yourself stranded in the woods, foraging for your meals? Do the words edible cambium ring a bell? No? That’s okay. Cambium is the soft inner white layer under the bark of a tree, between it and the wood of the tree. Red alder is a source of edible cambium that grows along streams in woodland areas and disturbed soil sites. 

Red alder cambium is bitter in flavor and often sweetened by foragers, modern harvesters and maybe adventurous chefs. However you’ve likely only seen cambium eaten on television programs aired on National Geographic or something of the like. 

Ideally, you would be able to easily peel cambium in the spring when sap begins to flow lending it a sweeter flavor and additional nutrients. It’s texture is very chewy. It is best prepared by slicing it in long strips and either boil or sauté it in a cast iron pan. With all this in mind, harvesting cambium should only be used in emergency food situations as harvesting it incorrectly or over harvesting can harm the tree and it’s not worth it, but still interesting knowledge to share.

Alder is thought to be a tree of Venus but also associated with Neptune as well as the other astrological signs, especially Pisces. Alder grows up to 65 feet tall and produces purplish catkins that change into a greenish-yellow color.

Smoked salts are made with Alder using a cold process. Alder wood creates a subtle and sweet smokiness. Smoked wood is popular in barbecue and smoking fish, however smoked salt gives you the option of imparting the unique quality of the flavor to a variety of dishes. Salt is a mineral found around the globe in both the oceans and in rock salt. It has always been highly valued. Many wars have been fought over who controls the source.

 In fact, the origin of the word salary comes from salt, as it was used in place of currency for pay. Interesting to think salt was at a time so highly valued in this way, but often it’s forgotten that salt is essential to life (nerve & muscle function). The body is constantly losing salt through bodily functions and it has to be replaced. Consuming around 6 grams of salt per day is all that is necessary for maintaining balanced health.  

In modern times people consume much more than that, plus our salt sources are typically derived from heavily processed/refined, industrial foods that are more than 99.5% sodium chloride, with anti-caking chemical additives, potassium iodide and dextrose to stabilize the iodine. It is far less common for people to include whole salt mineral from rock, sea or fermented sources used for millennia. With that said, fermented & pickled foods are still very much a part of modern cuisines across East Asia. 

In Eastern food energetics, salt is cold in temperature & (you guessed it) salty in flavor. Salt routes through spleen, kidneys, large intestine, small intestine and the stomach. Salt helps to counteract heat and remove toxins. The purifying nature of salt helps to detoxify poison.

 Salt has the most grounding, descending activity of any substance used as food. Salt directs energy inward and lower. This can be seen in nature in colder weather, trees send their sap deep and down. Salt softens hardened lymph nodes, glands, and muscles and stimulates both bowel action and urination. 

Salt is contraindicated for those with high blood pressure because it can create pressure in the arteries, and overuse can also cause damage to the kidneys, whereas whole salt used in minimal amounts can be beneficial. 

It is thought that when a food is out of balance (for example a highly refined salt) more people have a tendency to overeat it. Whole salt contains over 60 trace minerals, and when you strip salt of all of these in the refinement process, the body is confused. It continues to instinctively search for that which no longer exist, but knows should be there. 

Despite the positive aspects of salts purifying and centering qualities there is still a great potential for its misuse. Salt was once considered a gift from the gods. In both Christian and Jewish religions, salt signifies longevity and permanence. Bread is the symbol of food and salt its preservation. In Chinese folklore salt is thought to encourage greed. It has been a part of life since the Neolithic era.

Alder Smoked Finishing Salt and Maple Roasted Paprika Rainbow Carrots

Ingredients:

  • 3 tablespoons extra virgin olive oil
  • 2 large garlic cloves
  • 1 tablespoon of maple syrup
  • 1 tablespoon of ground cumin
  • 1 teaspoon of smoked paprika
  • 1 teaspoon ground cinnamon
  • 2 pounds of organic multi-colored carrots, cut diagonally into 2-inch pieces
  • 1 cup of chopped fresh cilantro
  • 1 cup of chopped fresh carrot tops
  • 3 tablespoons of fresh lemon juice
  • 1 1/2 teaspoons of alder smoked finishing salt

Directions: 

  • Heat oven to 400 degrees F.
  • Combine oil, garlic, sugar, cumin, salt, cinnamon, cayenne, and carrots in a shallow baking pan.
  • Roast 20 minutes or until fork tender.
  • Remove from oven and add raisins, juice, carrot tops & cilantro. Toss well. Serve warm or at room temperature. 

Western Nutritional Information: 

Makes approximately 6-8 servings. 120 calories/serving. 18g carbohydrates, 3g fiber, 11g sugars, total fat 5g, 2g protein. Good source of vitamin A.

Traditional Chinese Medicine (Energetics) Nutritional Information: 

Carrots are neutral, warm, and sweet. Olive oil is neutral, sweet; routes through the liver and gallbladder, nourishes Yin and fluids. Lubricates intestines. Cumin is warm and pungent; routes through the lungs and large intestines, warms the center and promotes digestion. Cinnamon is hot, pungent, and sweet; routes through the spleen, kidneys, and bladder; warms the spleen & stomach; eliminates accumulation of chill. 

Cayenne is hot and pungent; routes the spleen and stomach, dispels Cold; fortifies the stomach; moves Qi (energy), treats indigestion, loss of appetite, and Wind Damp Cold bi syndrome (characterized by pain, numbness and heaviness of muscles, tendons and joints or swelling, hotness and limitation of movement of joints).


Wood Betony

April | Jupiter & Mars | Aries 

Wood betony, or betoine, commonly called hedgenettle, is a plant identified as one with many uses. Songs have been written of its coveted qualities, and old-time limericks imply its deeply significant impact on culture and medicine over many centuries. A symbolic plant representative of the times, it is still in use by herbalist and homeopaths today. Wood betony, It seems, embodies its larger than life reputation in vibrant, eye-catching blossoms. 

“According to Antonius Musa, physician to Emperor Augusta Cesar, Betony preserveth the liver and body from epidemical diseases as well as witchcraft. It was not the practice of Cesar to keep fools about him,” writes Nicholas Culpepper, 17th century botanist, herbalist, physician and astrologer. 

Betony is a perennial grassland plant in the mint family along with other known herbs such as: basil, mint, rosemary, marjoram, oregano, hyssop, thyme, lavender and perilla. In todays modern world betony is still utilized in tincture, elixir and tea formulas related to digestive upsets. Aromatic and astringent in nature, It is thought that a simple infusion of 1g of dried betony leaves (leaves only, do not include or consume the roots) in 1-2 cups of boiling water can be sipped to help treat diarrhea, tone down heartburn, ease anxiety, calm the mind, as well as minimize the onset of a migraine. That does indeed cover quite a few areas of health and wellness.

Wood Betony Evening Elixir

This recipe is the perfect invitation to rest and relaxation after a stressful or busy day, easing tension and promote deep breathing.

Ingredients:

1 part wood betony

1 part turmeric

1 part passion flower

A splash of oat milk

1 teaspoon of honey (optional)

Instructions:

In a small sauce pan, add cold water plus a teaspoon of the herb mix for each cup to be served. Bring to a boil and simmer for about 7 minutes. Remove from heat and let cool a few minutes more.

Strain herbs into a mug leaving about 1-2 inches at the top to add a splash of oat milk, then stir in honey if you like for a slightly sweeter version. Take a few deep breaths in of the aroma before sipping slowly in a comfy chair.


Apple Blossom

May | Venus | Taurus

The Old Farmers Almanac reports you need not own an apple orchard to yield a plentiful crop of apples. Even in small spaces in the city, with a dash of love and attention to the location you plant your apple tree, you too can reap the benefits that come with fruiting trees.

 Apple trees require well drained soil, a sunny spot and a bit of space from your house, garage and/or other structures or obstacles, including other trees. In fact it’s best not to plant apple trees near wooded borders of your yard or other trees. It is however fine to plant apple trees next to a trellis that can provide support to the heavy weight of these fruiting trees. It seems apples, trees and their blossoms, have a deep connection to both symbols of love and wisdom. Mistletoe, a well known evergreen parasitic plant that people often hang in doorways to receive kisses from those who should happen to step underneath, are most often found growing on apple trees. Apples are considered a sacred fruit to the Greek Goddess Aphrodite, of love, beauty, procreation and pleasure. Offerings of apples were common in ancient Greece at a time when she was most worshiped. The Greeks also held the apple as a symbol of wisdom, as apples were said to grow on the tree of life. 

Stepping into modern times with a bit of science, according to The Xerces Society, trees and shrubs such as pyrus amlus aka apple trees/blossoms are highly valuable pollen sources for early-season (spring) bee species, especially mason and mining bees. Other flowering/fruiting trees, shrubs & hedgerows that fall under this category include plum, cherry, almond, orange and peach.

They also make excellent hosts to caterpillars of many butterflies and stunning large moth species, including tiger swallowtail, spring azure, Nevada buck-moth, elegant sphinx and cecropia.  

Simple Baked Apple in spice

Ingredients:

1 medium apple, seeded with skin on, cut in half

Juice from one orange or half a lemon

Pinch of ground cinnamon, nutmeg and clove

1/2 teaspoon of fresh grated ginger

Pinch of sea salt

1-2 teaspoon of maple syrup

Instructions:

Preheat oven to 340 degrees Fahrenheit

Squeeze juice over apple and add spice, fresh ginger and salt. Drizzle maple syrup over the top and place in a small, oven safe pot with a lid. 

Bake for 30 minutes or until soft. Allow to cool slightly and eat while still warm.


Meadowsweet

June | Jupiter & Mercury | Gemini

You’re probably familiar with meadowsweet although you may not know how. This delicate, sweet smelling meadow flower is also known as aspirin, a name given it by pharmaceutical/chemical corporation, Bayer AG. It is named for an isolated acid found in meadowsweet called acetylsalicylic acid (most associated with willow bark) used to create aspirin.

This plant is common in the British Isles, highly valued in Celtic times. It was said to attract peace and happiness and often used in love potions & spells. Meadowsweet was tossed onto floors, around beds and in cupboards to create a sweet smelling atmosphere while also repelling unwanted insects indoors. Whatever the magic behind meadowsweets nature, scientific research has more than proven it an excellent anti-inflammatory, inhibiting the production of free-radicals, linked to early aging and a host of diseases. Meadowsweet is easy and lovely to work with. There are many recipes floating around ranging from an eye wash to pollinator friendly garden plans. It’s a very common herb in cordials and teas.

 

Citrus & Vanilla Meadowsweet Cordial

Ingredients:

1/2-1 cup (6 to 12 ounces) of light honey

One orange or lemon, waxy finish washed off, cut in half (save some citrus peel for a garnish)

1 vanilla bean

1 tablespoon of citric acid

4 cups of freshly packed meadowsweet blossoms (shake the happy little bugs free from the plant back in the prairie or garden), or use two cups dried.

Instructions:

Fill deep pan with 8 cups of cool water and place on a medium-high heat

Add honey, lemon, vanilla and citric acid. Bring it to a boil. Reduce heat and remove from heat. 

Next, add meadowsweet, stir and let cool. Filter through sieve lined in cheesecloth

Once cool, pour into sanitized glass soda bottles with cork lids and store in fridge for up to 6 months. When serving glaze the edge of the glass where one would sip with a lemon peel, twist the garnish and add to the drink. 

Excellent for sunny June afternoons, enjoyed either in non-alcoholic or alcoholic cocktails. Goes well with juice spritzers, ice cold vodka and bubbly soda water combinations, or over a king ice cube in a low ball glass with a lightly stirred in single pour of spiced rum


Daisy

July | The Moon & Venus | Cancer

This common perennial was once known as Marguerite, with similar uses to chamomile (which is a bit more popular an herb these days in self-care). Herbalists and Homeopaths report that the crushed leaves of daisies in a poultice will soothe wounds, lumps and swellings, how perfect for a playful summer! 

Daisies can often be harvested, or observed, growing alongs quiet roads and ditches, looking very similar to another flowering perennial, feverfew. Daisies were planted in gardens because they were know to attract ferries. They certainly attract bumblebees and the more pollinating plants out there, the better.

In Norse folklore, the daisy was used in rituals to honor the Goddess, Freyja. A Goddess of love, sex, beauty and of course, gold. Daisies certainly have their own gold quality, be that a bright yellow pollen center, or the rich golden halo of orange and yellow petals. 

Chelsea Green Publishing (a leading publisher of books about organic farming, gardening, homesteading, integrative health, natural building, sustainable living, socially responsible business, and more), provides this important perspective; “The oxeye daisy is considered an invasive species throughout North America, especially in pastureland and on grain farms. Oxeye daisy is known to follow disturbance, and in Washington, where it is considered a ‘Class B’ noxious weed and subject to quarantine restrictions, the state Noxious Weed Control Board reports that the plant is known to grow in overgrazed pastures, waste areas, roadsides, and railroad rights-of-way. Like many invasive species that thrive in the wake of disturbance, a good question for Washington’s Noxious Weed Control Board would be – what should we expect to grow in these places? Does oxeye daisy truly out-compete native plants, or do overgrazing, road construction and maintenance, and the very concept of ‘waste’ spaces challenge populations of native plants? 

The conventional agricultural model that sees plants like oxeye daisy as competitors to more desirable crop species needs to acknowledge the larger ecological context that a farm exists in – if you remove oxeye daisy, what’s left for pollinators? 

 

All too often, there’s nothing, and the disturbing trends of pollinator population declines will likely continue until modern commodity production systems are designed to encourage the proliferation of biological diversity rather than achieve increasing profits from single crops. So instead of thinking about removing a plant like oxeye daisy, consider how you can improve the fertility and diversity of habitat resources in your home landscape, garden, or farm.”

 


Sage

August | Jupiter , Venus + The Sun | Leo

I think if I had to choose, sage is one of my top five favorite herbs to cook with. I’m thrilled that I get to feature sage in one of my favorite, original recipes for this issue! 

This incredible plant grows wild pretty much all over the world. Sage has some of the most potent antibacterial qualities of any herb, found in its volatile oils. Sage is also one of the most important religious herbs to First Nations People and Native Americans, found growing plentiful in the Western mountain regions of North America. Sage represents strength, mental health and wisdom.

 

RED POTATO & HERBED CORNBREAD

Makes: 8 pieces, one 12’’ cast iron skillet/pan

Prep Time: 20 minutes

Bake Time: 40 minutes

Savory corn bread with a hearty & rustic bread texture and look! Alternate fresh herbs with seasonal availability. Ingredients listed in the order in which they are used.

DRY INGREDIENTS:

5 medium red potatoes, small chopped, leave skin on

1 yellow onion, small chopped

1 tablespoon of cumin + ½ teaspoon of cumin

2 generous pinches of salt + ½ teaspoon of salt

1 cup of stoneground cornmeal

1 cup of preferred baking flour (this can be made with all-purpose flour or gluten free flour

1 tablespoon of raw, unbleached sugar

1 tablespoon of baking powder

½ teaspoon of smoked paprika

1 cup of fresh herbs, rinsed and gently patted dry. Rosemary, sage, chive, green onion & fennel

WET INGREDIENTS:

¼ cup of olive oil

1 cup of milk or milk substitute

2 eggs or flax eggs (1 tablespoon of flax-meal with 3 tablespoons of water = one flax egg)

¼ cup of butter or coconut oil

DIRECTIONS:

  • Preheat oven to 425 degrees
  • Place potatoes, onion, 1 tablespoon of cumin, 2 pinches of salt and ¼ cup of olive oil in a small baking pan, cover with foil and bake for 20 minutes.
  • Remove potato/onions and let cool a few moments
  • In a bowl, mix together dry ingredients: cornmeal, flour, sugar, baking powder, paprika, and remaining cumin, and salt.
  • In a separate bowl, whisk together the milk, eggs and butter, milk/egg/butter substitutes.
  • Fold wet ingredients into dry ingredients. Mix lightly. Try not to over mix. Keep it textured and rustic.
  • Fold roasted potatoes & onions into mix.
  • Grease a 12” cast iron pan. With a silicon spatula, scoop the mix evenly into the pan.
  • Decoratively and evenly place the herbs over the top of the cornbread, making sure to mix and vary them. Cover with foil and bake for 20 minutes
  • Doneness test. Insert toothpick into center of cornbread. If toothpick come out dry or only with a few crumbles on it, it’s done. If toothpick comes out with uncooked batter or damp crumbs on it, put cornbread back in oven and bake for a few more minutes until toothpick comes out clean. 

Original Recipe © Kelsey Crawford, CN

Western Nutrition Information:

The skin of red potatoes is especially nutrient dense with: fiber, B vitamins, iron and potassium. Onions are high in vitamin C and vitamin B6. Cumin is high in iron, a good source of manganese, calcium, magnesium, phosphorus, and vitamin B1. Cornmeal is high in protein, vitamin A, and iron. Cornmeal is an excellent source for vitamin B6 and magnesium. Paprika is a major source of vitamin A as well as vitamin C. Olive oil is a good source for healthy fats. Milk is high in protein.

Chinese Medicine (Food Energetics) Nutritional Information:

Potatoes are neutral in temperature, sweet in flavor, route through the Kidneys, Spleen and Stomach. Potatoes tonify Yin and Qi and counteract Heat in the body. Onions are warm in temperature, pungent in flavor, route through the Lungs, Stomach, Liver, and Large Intestines. They promote Blood circulation, counteract Cold, counteract Damp, resolves Phlegm, and promote Qi circulation. All the culinary herbs and spices used in this recipe are energetically warm in temperature, pungent in flavor and tonify Yang. Olive oil is neutral, sweet, routes through the Spleen and Liver. Milk is neutral, sweet, routes through the Heart, Lungs, and Stomach, tonifies Yin, Qi, and Blood. Eggs are neutral and sweet, they tonify Yin and Blood. Butter is warm and sweet, routes through the Spleen and Stomach, tonifies Yin, and promotes Blood circulation and counteracts Cold.

 


Lavender

September | Mercury | Virgo

Lavender is a go to herb for troubled skin, especially for those experiencing acne, it also has a reputation for minimizing headaches and calming nerves. Maybe these are a few of the reasons why lavender is such an excellent herb for managing menstrual cramps and other symptoms associated with PMS. Lavender in folklore is known as a magical and religious herb. Common today, you’ll often find it used in self-care and beauty products. 

It’s becoming widely recognized in the modern, Western culinary world, but really, it has been in culinary use for ages across Europe, and most notably perhaps, in France. Lavender stands out in desserts & baked goods such as cookies, cakes, and specialty ice creams. It also compliments the savory, particularly roasts and soups. The spice blend of Southern France, herbes de Provence, contains lavender. Lavender has a strong flavor, so it does have a tendency to overpower. Taste as you cook to balance the flavor profile of your dish. Lavender is best as a hint of flavor, used sparingly.

Lavender essential oil contains perillyl alcohol, which, in laboratory studies, has shown to be an anti-leukemia and anti-tumor for the liver, spleen and breast. Lavender flowers are the most common parts of the plant used in tea, tincture and essential oils. It’s most effective when used externally. All-in-all, lavender is said to be good for stress, anxiety, headache, muscle spasms, insomnia and indigestion. For most people, the word “calm” comes to mind when thinking of lavender.

Lavender Powder & Epsom Salt Bath Soak for one… maybe two

Ingredients:

1/4 cup of dried lavender buds grind to a fine powder

2 ounces of rose petals grind to a fine powder (about 4 tablespoons)

4 ounces of arrowroot powder (about 8 tablespoons)

3 cups of epsom salt

4 tablespoon of apricot or grape-seed oil (excellent for all skin types)

Instructions:

Add all dry ingredients to a bowl and stir together. Double or triple the amount of salt if you’re dealing with more-than-usual bodily aches and pains.

Add oil and blend together one more time until evenly distributed. Then dump into a hot bath. 

Soak for up to 30 minutes and follow up with a soothing body oil of choice.


 

Rose Geranium

October | Venus | Libra

Such a perfect plant to be paired with Venus & Libra, two icons known for their association to love and partnership. Rose geranium is a beautiful & fragrant flower. Wear it if you’re seeking joyful, sexual fulfillment. Or blend it with other oils in a diffuser to enhance the vibes of the room, either when alone or with company!

Rose geranium is commonly used in aromatherapy application and/or skin care routines. Both geranium and rose geranium are nearly identical in use and fragrance, but often it just comes down to someone preferring the smell of one over the other. 

A simple deodorant can be made by mixing a few drops of rose geranium into a small spray bottle and adding water, then lightly spraying onto your body (under the arms) before getting dressed.

Venus Rose Geranium + Essential oil Blend for Diffusing

Ingredients:

3 drops of rose geranium

2 drop of lavender

1 drop of bergamot 

1 drop of ylang ylang

One soap stone or humidifier diffuser

Instructions:

Add drops of essential oils to water if using a humidifier diffuser. If using a soap stone diffuser, warm the oil dish over a lit candle and add oil. Be sure to keep in a safe place while burning, away from pets and children.

 

 

 

 

 

 


Holy Basil

November | Pluto | Scorpio

Tulsi or Indian Holy basil, is the sacred plant of Krishna, and thought to be the incarnate of the Hindu Goddess, Tulsi.  Native to India where it is referred to as “The Queen of Herbs” it is used in meditation practices and said to offer divine protection, open the heart and mind, and give clarity while also bestowing the energy of love and devotion. 

Tulsi, as a culinary herb, has a warming thermal nature. It can range in flavor from sweet, pungent to bitter. It works both dried or fresh in a variety of cuisines and dishes, ranging from tea formulations, salad dressings, sautés, soups & sauces, or fresh garnishes lightly muddled to release its oils. 

In TCM (traditional Chinese medicine) energetics, it routes through the liver, large intestine, spleen, stomach and kidneys. It nourishes Qi and blood, scatters cold, dispels wind, eliminates dampness, and resolves toxins.

All types of basil tonify Yang, the warmth and fire of the body. 

In home remedies it helps to stimulate digestion and ease symptoms of abdominal pain, menstrual irregularities, diarrhea, and digestive complaints associated with burping and belching. 

Tulsi may also help to alleviate headaches. Tea would likely be the most effective application for addressing these complaints. Tulsi embodies many health promoting actions in the body, most of which benefiting the mind and spirit. when the stems go “wooden” the seeds are made into beads for a mala (buddhist prayer beads), used in sacred mantra chanting and worship.

You’ll find tulsi available in encapsulated form. This is wonderful for managing stress while traveling, or during a hectic phase in your life, where preparing an herb is not a realistic activity to incorporate into your busy schedule. If you do find the time to cultivate a garden, one of life’s greatest pleasures, tulsi provides a stunning bolt of purple flowers that attract pollinators and flower gazers. It finds a companion plant in golden tomatoes and the two will grow to great heights when side-by-side. They can even be picked, and enjoyed together on the spot, warmed by the sun, increasing their nutrient content.


Borage

December | Jupiter | Sagittarius

Eat your flowers! No longer an obscure concept these days, edible flowers are becoming one of the professional kitchen’s most common ingredients. Increasingly relevant to a contemporary, culinary world, obsessed with the creativity and health promoting duality of nourishment. The ancient practice of eating flowers is now chic once again. 

Many flowers are edible and delicious (of course many are not). Commonly consumed edible flowers include nasturtiums, borage, marigolds, chrysanthemum, squash blossom (delicious when stuffed and baked), and flowering herbs and vegetables such as basil (mentioned in the previous section), chive, broccoli, fennel, sage, rosemary, mustard and many, many more. 

Perhaps most surprising is the phytonutrient, trace mineral & vitamin content present in edible flowers. Calcium, magnesium, zinc, vitamin A & C, carotenoids (as concentrated a source as spinach or kale), as well as flavonoids known for their antioxidant effects, and multiple essential oils making them helpful in topical salves, herbal body oils and ointments as well! 

In a culinary application, my favorite use of borage flowers would have to be candied, on a dessert, especially a cake. 

Borage is said to help us forget our troubles. It has a soft fuzz, noticeable when backlit by the sun, and it resembles little purple (sometimes white) stars that have a willowy, relaxed posture. It’s a favorite napping site for bees. Yes, bees do in fact take little naps in and on flower beds. 

Candied Borage Flowers

Ingredients:

About two cups worth of rinsed and dried borage blossoms, separated from the stem – you can candy the leaves too. 

1 egg white at room temperature

A small dash of water about 1/2 a teaspoon

A small, shallow dish of sugar

Small paint brush

Drying rack

1 drop of alcohol free vanilla (optional)

Instructions:

Beat egg white and water lightly until little bubbles appear

Holding flower in one hand and a paint brush in the other, dip the paint brush into the egg mixture, then paint the flower

Hold the flower over the sugar dish and gently sprinkle sugar on all sides. Place on the tray and allow to dry while you finish the rest.

Let flowers dry completely, anywhere from 12-36 hours depending on the humidity of the region you live in. 

Store in an airtight container. These will keep for many months, even up to a year. 


Sorces | References 

http://www.japanesegardens.jp/plants/000112.php

RESEARCH REPORT

Betrayal at the USDA: How the Trump Administration Is Sidelining Science and Favoring Industry over Farmers and the Public. Union of Concerned Scientists. Published by: Union of Concerned Scientists (Apr. 1, 2018). https://www.jstor.org/stable/resrep17258

JOURNAL ARTICLE

Environmental and Social Costs of Pesticides: A Preliminary Assessment David Pimentel, David Andow, Rada Dyson-Hudson, David Gallahan, Stuart Jacobson, Molly Irish, Susan Kroop, Anne Moss, Ilse Schreiner, Mike Shepard, Todd Thompson and Bill Vinzant Oikos. Vol. 34, No. 2 (1980), pp. 126-140. Published by: Wiley on behalf of Nordic Society Oikos DOI: 10.2307/3544173. https://www.jstor.org/stable/3544173 

 https://www.planetnatural.com/love-moss/

BLOG ARTICLE

Union of Concerned Scientists. Science Prevails in the Courts as Chlorpyrifos Ban Becomes Likely. GENNA REED, SCIENCE AND POLICY ANALYST, CENTER FOR SCIENCE AND DEMOCRACY | AUGUST 9, 2018, 5:36 PM EST. 

https://www.cell.com/current-biology/fulltext/S0960-9822(06)02212-3?_returnURL=https%3A%2F%2Flinkinghub.elsevier.com%2Fretrieve%2Fpii%2FS0960982206022123%3Fshowall%3Dtrue

http://www.mossandstonegardens.com/blog/the-truth-about-moss-dispelling-moss-myths/

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=_sW3OxVaCpM Eating Bark | National Geographic. Published August 18th 2009.

https://www.almanac.com/plant/apples#

https://www.britannica.com/topic/Aphrodite-Greek-mythology

https://www.irishexaminer.com/lifestyle/outdoors/gardening/meadowsweet-ripe-for-picking-and-brewing-239939.html

https://www.indigo-herbs.co.uk/natural-health-guide/benefits/meadowsweet

https://chopra.com/articles/what-is-holy-basil

https://chopra.com/articles/what-is-holy-basil

Hlava, Bohumír and lánská, Dagmar. A guide in color to kitchen herbs and spices. Octopus Books Limited. Grosvenor Street London WI. 1980 

Beyerl, Paul. The Master Book of Herbalism. The herbalist as maickal practitioner. Pg. 200. Phoenix Publishing INC.1984 

Lakshmi, Padma. The Encyclopedia of Spices & Herbs. An Essential Guide to the Flavors of the World. HarperCollins Publishers. New York, NY. 2016. 

Leggett, Daverick. Helping Ourselves. Meridian Press. Totnes, England. 2014.

Willoughby, jean. Nature’s Remedies. An Illustrated Guide to Healing Herbs. Chronicle Books. San Francisco. CA. 2016.

Deur, Douglas. Pacific Northwest Foraging. 120 wild and flavorful edibles from Alaska blueberries to wild hazelnuts. Timber Press. Portland, OR. 2014.

ashington, N.D., Laura. Herbal Medicine for Health & Well-Being. Sterling Publishing Co., INC.. NYC, NY. 2003.

Wood, Rebecca. The New Whole Foods Encyclopedia. Fully Revised and Updated. Penguin Books. NYC, NY. 2010.

Balch, M.D., James F. Prescription for Natural Cures. John Wiley & Sons, inc., Hoboken. New Jersey. 2004.

Goldsmith, MSOM, LAc, DipCH Ellen. Klien, PhD. Maya. Nutritional Healing with Chinese Medicine. Robert Ross, inc.,Toronto. Ontario. Canada. 2017.

Flaws, Bob. The Tao of Healthy Eating. Dietary Wisdom According to Chinese Medicine. Second Edition. Blue Poppy Press. Boulder, CO.1998.

Lad, Vasant, B.A.M.S., M.A.Sc. The Complete Book of Ayurvedic Home Remedies. Based on the timeless wisdom of India’s 5,000-year-old medical system. Three Rivers Press. NYC, NY. 1998. 

Haas, Elson M., MD. Staying Healthy with Nutrition. The Complete Guide To Diet And Nutritional Medicine. Celestial Arts. Berkley, CA. 2006.

 


Kelsey Crawford is a Certified Wholistic Nutritionist, lifelong artist and inspired herbalist living in the Pacific Northwest. Her recipes contain only whole food ingredients, in season within the Pacific Northwest region where she lives. 

The content of this zine is meant for informational purposes only and is not meant to replace professional medical advice, diagnosis, or treatment. Always seek the advice of your physician or other licensed healthcare provider with any questions you may have regarding medical conditions.


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